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Regionalny Konkurs Wiedzy o Samorzadzie Terytorialnym



 
Kujawsko-Pomorskie invites you! Drukuj

Once you decide to visit Kuyavia and Pomerania, you'll be happy to discover true jewels, rare elswhere in the world. The region has everything you may wish to find – vast forests, charmful lakes, pure rivers, traditional villages and splendid historical monuments. It's a paradise for all nature lovers - mushroom pickers, fishermen, fans of water sports, horse riders, but also for those who would like to be taken good care of in one of Poland's best sanatoria. You will 'touch the Gothic' here and see the place in which a famous astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born. You will see how people lived here in an Iron Age. Finally, when leaving, take regional delicacies, like Toruń gingerbread or traditionally made plum purée.
 
 
Bydgoszcz

Over 660 years old Bydgoszcz is a first big city in the Kuyavia and Pomerania. It is famous in the country of its important musical circle and remarkably well preserved Art Nouveau architecture – great music and Art Nouveau are the two brand marks of the city on the Brda river.

The Filharmony of Pomerania and Opera Nova are institutions renowned in Europe. They use resources of an inspiring Nowowiejski Music Academy. It's not a coincidence that it was in Bydgoszcz where Rafał Blechacz, one of the most talented young pianists, a laureate of the 15th International Frederick Chopin Piano Competition studied and gained experience. Also the Opera gathers a lot of attention due to a festival which takes place yearly in April/May. It's a splendid event which shows the greatest opera artists from the continent's most renowned stages. Another great events relating to the city's musical heritage are: Bydgoszcz Music Festival, Musica Antiqua Europae Orientalis Festival, Paderewski International Piano Competition.

One of the city's curiosities is built at the end of the 17th century Bydgoszcz Canal, an unique system of hydro-technical machinery, which, together with a surrounding park has a chance of joining the UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites of Europe. The 27 kilometres long canal connects Bydgoszcz and the town of Nakło on Noteć enabling inland navigation between Eastern and Western Europe. At the end of the 19th century the canal hosted steamers, which transported 500 000 tones of cargo every year. The surrounding park is rich in beautiful flora, namely fourty large black poplar trees being preserved as the monument of the nature.

The trademark of Bydgoszcz are groups of enormous 18- and 19-century granaries. Such complex gathering of these buildings can be seen on the Mill Island. However, the city's most characteristic building is the site of BRE Bank designed by the Architects' studio Bulanda&Mucha from Warsaw (built in the last decade), with the look refering to the old granaries. Nearby you will find a little 19-century palace, constructed in once fashionable neostyle.

Bydgoszcz has another attraction worth seeing, namely the Venice of Bydgoszcz on Młynówka – a part of the city with characteristic mansion houses from the 19th and 20th century.
 
 
Toruń


Our region is mainly famous for the Old Town of Toruń with its Gothic monuments, the site proud to be present on UNESCO's list of World Heritage Sites of Europe. It is considered to be one of the best preserved Medieval towns in the world. A nearly 800-year-old Toruń is a real Gothic gem, the place in which visitors can touch the magic enchanted in the brick and stone.

The main building of the Old Town is a monumental Old City Town Hall, built in the 13th and 14th century, the evidence of Medieval splendour of Toruń and one of the most interesting examples of Gothic bourgeois architecture in Central Europe. In the period of the town's prosperity it was an administratve and commercial centre, as well as a court's headquarter. The main events of the Polish history took place in the Old City Town Hall. It was the place of parliamentary debates and the death of the Polish king Jan Olbracht. Today, the building serves as a museum exhibiting historical treasures of the region, like for example the 14th century stained-glass windows of Toruń's churches and also items from temples of Chełmno.

On the south of the Old Town, next to the Vistula river, there is a huge St Johns' cathedral, built in the 14th and 15th centuries as a main parish church of Toruń. Visitors can see its original paintings, sculptures and bas-reliefs, with the most beautiful one displaying naked Mary Magdalene being raised to the heaven by the angels. Originally, the work was placed in the central part of the church's main altar. In the Chapel of the Dormition of Saint Mary, situated in the southern aisle, you will find a Gothic font which was used during the baptism of Nicolaus Copernicus. That's why nowadays the chapel is more often called after the great Polish astronomer. Since 1500 there has been a huge bell on the tower, called Tuba Dei, the second largest in Poland. A legend says, the bell was cast from precious metals and coins offered by burghers of Toruń fearing the approaching end of the world. Another legend says touching the bell with your left hand will bring you luck. Nowadays many Polish museums possess various elements originally belonging to the church.

A
nother example of sacred Gothic architecture is St Mary's church, built in the 14th century. It's a monumental three-aisle building with the interior 27 metres high. The temple's most valuable decorative elements include carved in oak Medieval stalls, very precious wall paintings dating back to the 14th century, many epitaphs of the Torun's persons of merit and also a baroque Mausoleum of a Polish princess Anna Vasa. Original stained-glass windows of the church can be seen in the Regional Museum in the Old City Town Hall, and parts of the original altar are now displayed in a Museum of the Diocese in Pelplin.

St James' church, situated at the eastern corner of the Toruń New City Market Square is smaller than other Medieval churches in town, however it has the greatest pieces of sacred architecture to be found in the territory of the former Teutonic State. The most valuable elements of the interior are: 14th century wall paintings, a Gothic figure of Crucified Christ, two Gothic figures of Madonna with Baby Jesus, a huge Gothic cross The Tree of Life, whose copy was presented to the Pope John Paul II, huge baroque main altar, and ingeniously carved organs dating back to the 17th century.

In the close neighbourhood of the Vistula River, visitors will find The Teutonic Knights' Castle Ruins, the evidence of the Teutonic reigns over a large part of Pomerania. The castle was built between the 13th and the 15th century on the site of the 10-12th century Polish fortified settlement. Today, the best preserved part of it is the lavatory tower called Gdanisko, the high castle's vaults and a part of the castle's defensive walls.

Toruń has the largest number (over 200) of preserved Gothic houses in Poland. A lot of buildings originally had medieval roots, but later changed their look according to the architectural fashion of a given period. One of the most famous medieval tenement houses is at 15/17 Kopernika Street – the site where Nicolaus Copernicus, the first European astronomer to formulate a modern heliocentric theory of the solar system was born and spent first seven years of his life. The Copernicus House is a typical merchant house with a high vestibule and a large part of the house which used to serve as a store.

Toruń Citadel is one of Prussian strategic fortresses and was constructed between 1878 and 1914 as a 22 kilometers long ring including 15 forts, 84 shelters and 39 artillery batteries. Everything was connected with the system of roads, telegraphic and telephone network, had its own fresh water sources, moats, barracks, food and energy warehouses, a bakery, a laundry, a hospital, a church, a cemetary, radio station and a pigeon post station. The whole system is in relatively good shape nowadays. The constructions of all forts have survived, although not all are open for visitors. The fort #4 is being renovated and serves as a hostel with a restaurant and guides ready to show tourists round.



Chełmno

Chełmno is an old medieval town, in which the 13th century original urban complex has been preserved near perfectly. The city has numerous unique Gothic monuments, like churches, city walls preserved almost as a whole, towers and a beautiful Renaissance manneristic town hall.

The church of Saint Mary, one of the oldest temples in Pomerania, hides relics of Saint Valentine. In one of the church chapels there is also a miraculous painting of Madonna of Chełmno painted in the 17th century. The church has many more unique objects like for instance medieval polichromy and figures of the apostles.
 
 
 
 
Golub-Dobrzyń

The Castle of the Teutonic Knights, situated on the hill and well visible from the far makes a big impression on tourists when they see it for the first time. Its foundations host original Gothic bricks laid by the Teutonic Knights in the 14th century, when the castle served as a fortress and a monastery. In the 16th century, the castle was taken over by the Polish king Sigmundus III and given to a Swedish princess Anna Vasa, who cleverly changed this typically defensive structure into an elegant Renaissance residence.


Ciechocinek

A small town of Ciechocinek inhabited by only 12 000 citizens is one of the loveliest Polish spas. The town has extremely valuable saline springs which are connected to graduation towers creating one of a kind healing microclimate, by the means of vaporating salty water. Visitors praise the town for its peaceful atmosphere and like strolling among gardens and ecclectic spa buildings from the 19th century. The town is an ideal place for relaxation and recovery due to its vast range of hotels, sanatoria, rehabilitation facilities, restaurants and cultural events, such as a yearly Festival of Romani Song and Culture.

The complex of three 16 metres high graduation towers consisting of a wooden wall-like frame which is stuffed with bundles of brushwood is a trademark of Ciechocinek. The towers are situated in a horseshoe-like shape allowing healthy walks inside. Tourists will get there via one of Poland's most famous promenades, a favourite place of artists and merchants at which various sorts of jewellery are sold and portraits paiting is offered.

A large spa park, the biggest of four parks in Ciechocinek was founded in the 19th century. Inside the park there is a stylish wooden pump room, built in the style of Swiss spas. Ciechocinek has four complexes of historical healing baths. The oldes one is Łazienki 1, built in the mid 19the century, designed by Henryk Markoni, one of the greatest Polish architect of that time. Łazienki 2 is another interesting building in the town – it was built in a Neoromananesque style the beginning of the 20th century by Fedders. Today it's known as Targon Palace and it provides one of the best spa services in town.

Biskupin Archaeological Reserve 
(Rezerwat Archeologiczny w Biskupinie)

Biskupin - a small village in Pałuki is world famous for its archaeological site and a life-size model of an Iron Age fortified settlement. It belongs to the Biskupin group of the Lusatian culture (lasting from ca. 1400 – 500 BC). The place is the subject of archaeological research, and is open to public. In this extremely popular place, visitors can witness how people led their lives many years ago and admire technically advanced solutions of this settlement once situated on the island on Biskupin Lake and inhabited by 700-1000 people.
Bulwarks, gates, breakwaters, houses and streets have been reconstructed in the tiniest details. Next to the archaeological site there's a museum displaying local discoveries – original wooden elements, tools, decorations, weapon and fragments of dishes. Biskupin is a host of extremely popular Archaeological Feast, which takes place yearly at the third weekend of September.

Tuchola Forest
(Bory Tucholskie)

The land of Kuyavia and Pomerania is rich in pure natural areas, especially within Tuchola Forest, which is a second largest forest after Białowieża Forest in Poland. The area of 793,000 acres of beautiful woods and meadows, pure lakes and rivers is filled with silence and soothing air. Although today most of the forest is the effect of pine tree planting, there are still unchanged spots protected as natural reserves. The whole complex counts 900 lakes, 40 of which are bigger than 2 acres. The largest ones are: Wda Lake, and Charzykowskie Lake. Two main rivers of the region - the Brda and the Wda rivers join many other lakes and their turns and twists are highly appreciated by cayak lovers. Visitors will encounter here many forest mammals such as boars, foxes, deer, fallow deer, polecats and badgers, and also birds like herons, white and black storks, wood grouses, eagles and cranes. Nearly 12,000 acres of the most beautiful part of forest make Bory Tucholskie National Park.

Brodnica Lake District
(Pojezierze Brodnickie)

Over 100 large lakes, forests, picturesque hills, pure air and peaceful ambience are the values of beautiful Brodnica Lake District. The lakes are rich in fish, just to mention picks, tenches, eels, breams, European roaches and perches. Hospitable locals treat warmly every one who stops here on the way from the south to Masuria. The Drwęca, which is the main river is a fish reserve giving home to a trout, salmon and lamprey. The most attractive part of the river is between Nowe Miasto Lubawskie and the mouth of Brynica. The higher part over Brodnica is called Marchy Valley of Drwęca and is especially rich in wild birds. Drwęca has eight reserves altogether. The touristic season opens in May and lasts until mid September. The warmest month is July.

Basic Facts

Kuyavian-Pomeranian Voivodeship has a surface of 18,000 square km and counts 2,1 mln inhabitants. It has two capitals – Bydgoszcz (governor's office) and Toruń (local government's office). The main towns of the region are Bydgoszcz (367,000 inhabitants), Toruń (200,000), Włocławek (120,000), Grudziądz (100,000) and Inowrocław (78,000). 61,4 % live in urban areas. The province is situated in the central part of Poland on both sides of the longest Polish river – the Vistula. There are a dozen or so higher education institutions in the region. Except from educational services they perform scientific researches. The most important ones are: The University of Nicolaus Copernicus in Toruń, The University of Casimir the Great and Technological-Natural University, both situated in Bydgoszcz.
The region has a strong food industry (30% of the total industrial production), with many enterprises switching to or continuing traditional ecological manufacture. The region is strong in introducing new technologies. Recent creation of Special Economic Zone in Łysomice allowed to open a Sharp plant as well as other Japanese and Corean factories. Regional authorities support numerous starting enterprises and therefore such organizations as The Center of Technological Transfer in Toruń and Toruń Technological Park have been appointed. The region has non-commercial broadband Internet network. The main airport is situated in Bydgoszcz.

Interesting websites
 
 
 
 


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